Swim Vocabulary


Also known as deep-water popcorns.  The child performs several jumping jacks in the deep water while blowing bubbles. Bobs are used to warm up the child and to practice rhythmic breathing.


The child puts his or her entire face under the water and blows air out of the nose or mouth.

Cannon Balls

The child holds his/her arms around his/her knees while being held by the instructor.  The child is thrown up into the air so that he/she lands in the water feet first.  The child then swims to the nearest edge of the pool.  This skill prepares a child for a flying fish.

Catch-up Stroke

The child holds the kickboard straight out in front of him or herself in a prone position (face down in water). Each arm completes one full rotation before the other arm begins.  One hand is always holding the kickboard.  After 4 big arms, the head is lifted and a breath is taken while the child faces straight forward (as in a hup).  
Catch-up Stroke with Side-breathing

The child holds the kickboard as above with face down.  After 4 big arms, the child rolls to one side and takes a breath.

Flying Fish

The child lies on his/her back or holds his/her arms around his or her knees.  The instructor tosses the child in a backward somersault so that he or she lands feet first in the water.  The child must orient him or herself and swim to the nearest pool edge.  This skill imitates falling off a boat and teaches the child how to orient oneself.

Froggy Dive

The child sits on the edge of pool with hands over head, arms pressed against the ears, and chin against the chest.  The child then enters the water head first


Breaths taken when head is brought out of the water with face pointing straight forward.  Hups are learned before proper side-breathing technique.


The child lies prone in the water with face fully submerged and eyes down, arms pressed against the ears, hands over the head leading the glide.  Used to teach the proper freestyle kick without complicated arm movements.

Monkey Walking

The child moves hand over hand along the wall of the pool.  Children need to learn this so that they can learn to climb out of the water.


Finning and Kicking

As the child lies on his/her back in the water, he/she makes a finning movement with arms against the hips while the feet flutter kick just under the surface of the water.  Used to teach swimming on back without complicated arm movements.


The child bobs up and down rhythmically, pushing up from the bottom of the pool; bubbles are blown while they go down to help them sink.  This skill helps them to learn to breathe rhythmically.

Rolling Over

The child rolls from stomach to back and from back to stomach.  This is a safety skill.

Side-Breathing with Kickboard

The child holds the kickboard straight out in front in a prone position while kicking continuously. One arm is moved around in crawl stroke form while taking a breath on the same side.  (Compare to catch-up stroke with side-breathing.)

Side Kick Glide

Child holds the kickboard with one arm (e.g. the left arm); the (left) ear lays on the (left) shoulder and the child flutter kicks.  This drill prepares the child for the proper position during side-breathing and so should be performed on the child’s preferred side.

Stop and Go Game

The children swim toward one end of the pool until the instructor yells for them to stop and tread water. On “Go” they start swimming again.  This game is used to practice treading water.

Superman Glide

As the child lies prone in the water with face fully submerged, arms pressed against the ears, and hands over the head, he or she pushes off from the step and glides toward the instructor.  This skill is used to practice the proper position for freestyle swimming with the arms in the proper position.

8484 E Speedway Blvd, Tucson, AZ 85710 - (520) 886-6005
Sunday January 21st, 2018 - Copyright Sunshine Swim School.